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Eligible people in the West Midlands urged to take up their offer of vaccination – as UKHSA sets out



  • In 2022/23 winter, deaths from flu were higher than those from COVID-19, and 10,000 children were hospitalised with flu

  • In the West Midlands last year, only 52% primary school children got their flu vaccine, dropping to just 39% coverage at secondary school

  • Last year’s vaccine prevented around 25,000 hospitalisations in England, and Australian winter data suggests this year’s flu vaccine is well matched to circulating strains

  • Vulnerable groups including pregnant women, young children and those with chronic health conditions urged to protect themselves this winter

  • 1 in 5 West Midlands people aged 65 and over were unprotected from flu last year (79% uptake), with less than half (48%) of under 65-year-olds in at-risk groups getting their vaccine, while barely a third (32%) of the region’s pregnant women got their flu jab

  • Eligible groups also encouraged to book their COVID-19 booster to give themselves full winter protection


The UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA) is urging vulnerable groups to take up the flu vaccine as data shows last year’s programme prevented around 25,000 hospitalisations in England. Even with these hospitalisations averted, excess winter deaths from flu were higher than those from COVID-19 in the 2022/23 season, with over 14,000 recorded. Over 10,000 children were admitted to hospital and total hospitalisations for flu eclipsed those for COVID-19 at the peak of the season. Worryingly, only 52% of primary school children in the West Midlands took up their flu vaccine last year – with some local authority areas as low as 37% uptake. While coverage of secondary school children dropped to only 39% - with some areas having under 25% of children vaccinated. Uptake of very young children was also low, with only around 37% of 2 year olds and 42% of 3 year olds having their nasal vaccine. This meant that a huge number of children in the region were left vulnerable to severe illness from flu. Pregnant women, young children and those with certain chronic medical conditions, such as coronary heart disease, cerebral palsy, liver or spleen disorders or long-term lung conditions, are particularly vulnerable to flu. Uptake in these vulnerable groups in the West Midlands was worryingly low last year, with 1 in 5 aged 65 years or over remaining unprotected from flu (79% uptake), and less than half (48%) of under 65-year-olds in at-risk groups getting their vaccine. Uptake by the region’s pregnant women was of great concern, with only 32% getting their flu jab – which protects both mother and baby, as some immunity passes to the unborn child and lasts for their first few months of life. Dr James Chipwete, Health Protection Consultant leading on respiratory infections for UKHSA West Midlands, said: “The annual winter vaccine programme is underway, and we are urging everyone in the West Midlands who is eligible, to take up the offer of their free flu vaccine, to protect them from what can be a life-threatening infection. Last year, some of the region’s most vulnerable people remained at risk of severe illness and hospitalisation – with 10,000 children hospitalised across the country due to complications from catching flu. “Vaccines are our best defence against many potentially life-altering or life-threatening infections. Around 25,000 hospitalisations were prevented last year thanks to people getting their flu jab. This vaccine is long-established, safe and effective, and protects the most vulnerable from the threat of serious illness or death. This includes pregnant women and their babies – as the flu jab passes immunity to the child which helps it during those first few months of life, when babies are at their most vulnerable. “The COVID-19 vaccination programme continues to target those at high risk of serious illness, so it’s vital that anyone invited to get their booster arranges an appointment as soon as possible, so they are protected before flu season really sets in.” Effectiveness data from last year showed the flu vaccine reduced the risk of hospitalisations by two-thirds in children. While recent UKHSA modelling shows last year’s flu programme prevented around 25,000 hospitalisations in England, with just under 50,000 recorded through the season. Data from this year’s Southern Hemisphere winter season, where the H1N1 subtype was dominant, suggests the current flu vaccines are well matched against circulating strains, with the Australian Government officially recording its season as ‘low’ clinical severity. And it is possible the seasonal H1N1 virus could return to the UK where it has had limited circulation since 2019, after which measures to control the COVID-19 pandemic virtually eliminated the spread of all flu until the 22/23 season, when other subtypes re-emerged. All eligible groups are being encouraged to take up the flu vaccine, and at the same time book their COVID-19 autumn booster to protect themselves against the expected rise in cases as winter approaches. Professor Susan Hopkins, Chief Medical Adviser at UKHSA, said: “Last year, the flu virus was estimated to be responsible for over 14,000 excess deaths and tens of thousands of hospitalisations, including over 10,000 in children. “Last winter the vaccine prevented an estimated 25,000 hospitalisations, but this could be even greater if all those eligible for the flu vaccine came forward this year. Pregnant women, young children and those with chronic health conditions are particularly vulnerable, and we have good evidence to suggest this year’s vaccine will offer good protection. “Taking up both the flu and COVID-19 vaccines ahead of winter provides the best level of protection against severe illness and will help ease the pressure on the NHS this winter.” Vaccines Minister, Maria Caulfield, said: “After beginning the NHS winter vaccination campaign early, this winter rollout will continue our tireless efforts to equip our communities with immunity against Covid and flu and protect the most vulnerable among us. “Flu placed a greater burden on hospitals than Covid last year, so it’s essential that we all take part in reducing pressure on the health system by booking our Covid and flu jabs as soon as possible to keep ourselves and our loved ones safe from infection. “The NHS has already delivered flu jabs to over 2.8 million people since the start of the autumn campaign and given over 1 million autumn Covid jabs since national bookings started on 18 September. Please do come forward and get your jabs to protect yourself and your loved ones.” Deputy Chief Medical Officer, Dr Thomas Waite, said: “Flu and COVID circulated last winter causing significant peaks and resulting in thousands of hospitalisations and deaths. It is important that we are protected against both. Vaccination is our strongest form of defence so if you are eligible, please come forward and get your jabs as soon as possible.” In addition to flu, cases of COVID-19 are expected to rise this winter, increasing the risk to vulnerable groups. All eligible adults are urged to book their flu and COVID-19 vaccines online via the NHS website, by downloading the NHS App, or by calling 119 for free if they can’t get online, to give themselves the best protection against severe illness and hospitalisation. Parents of children aged 2 and 3 (on 31 August) should book a nasal spray flu vaccine for their child at their local GP surgery. The schools’ programme also began in early September, with those aged 4 up to the age of 16 (school year 11) being offered a nasal spray vaccine, or an injection if this is unsuitable. It is important young people take up the vaccine as it protects the child themselves and helps stop the spread to vulnerable people around them, including babies, grandparents and people with weak immune systems. Chief Delivery Officer and National Director for Vaccinations and Screening for NHS England, Steve Russell said: “The NHS is off to a flying start with its Covid and flu vaccination programme – with millions of people who are most at risk already receiving flu and Covid vaccines since the start of the campaign, with hundreds of thousands more booked in to receive theirs this week. “The NHS is inviting everyone eligible for a flu and Covid vaccine to book online, via the app or by calling 119, and NHS staff are once again pulling out all the stops to deliver lifesaving vaccinations, with more vaccine sites than ever before to ensure people receive vital protection ahead of the winter months. “Not only will these vaccines protect you and your loved ones from getting sick this winter, but they will also help ease pressure on the NHS by reducing hospitalisations – we want to see millions more getting vital protection – so please come forward and book your vaccines today.”



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